Textil finishing

In the field of textile finishing, the term impregnation is sometimes used synonymously for the hydrophobization of the textiles, which is subdivided into a water-pressure-resistant and a water-repellent equipment (textile), but on the other hand also only for a waterproofing equipment. It also plays a role that, under impregnation, the achieved state is understood by impregnation. Depending on the requirements for washing, cleaning and weathering resistance, paraffin wax emulsions, but also film-forming silicones and fluorocarbons, which form a good permanent protection, are used as impregnating agents. By impregnation, however, agents are also introduced into textile materials which make them wrinkle-free, food-resistant (moth and cage protection), rot-proof, flameproof, but also hydrophilic. Some of the fluorocarbon resins (PFCs) used as impregnants can accumulate in the human organism and impair human reproductive capacity.However, vendors of impregnants do not need to disclose whether they use fluorocarbons. Although it is prescribed by law in Europe, no fluorocarbon resins (PFC) no matter which surface to use!

Foulard (Machine)

Laboratory foulder for defined squeezing of a dyeing liquor A foulard method is a machine which is mainly used in dyeing. It is also referred to as a wide-coloring, padding or padding machine. A fleet is pressed into a tissue by roller pressure. In addition to dyeing, it is also used for impregnation and other finishing processes. Further, a foulard may be used to wax textiles so that the subsequent drying, e.g. In a clamping frame, is shortened and the energy consumption is thereby reduced.


Millions of dirt and stainresisting nano particles penetrate into the pores of the textile fibers and enter into a firm bond. Millions of nano particles also cover the entire textile fiber! An invisible protective layer is formed. The textiles become more resistant and robust and the breathing activity is maintained. Water can escape more quickly to the outside and also dries faster on the surface. The revolution in the textile market

Environmental problems

Perfluorinated surfactants and fluorocarbons made of impregnation agents (especially for (re) waterproofing breathable textiles), which are also used in households, enter the environment via household waste water and accumulate there because they are not biodegradable. Also wood, in the case of waste wood, lumber and demolition, which has been treated, should not be disposed of or incinerated in conventional ways.